But even these numbers do not inspire optimism. It turns out that only every fourth inhabitant of the country expects to work in the specialty, whereas the vast majority of it is not even hoped for. Such a situation "provoked" modern education system. According to the Federal Agency for Education, today universities cover the need for specialists with higher education nearly doubled, while the demand for skilled workers only 13%. As a result, one graduate primary or secondary vocational education there are two high school graduates. At the same disparities exist within the schools themselves. Thus, according to data provided by 28 universities Novgorod, the most widespread in recent years are such specialties as law, management of the organization, economics and enterprise management and so on. On these specialties, which constitute only 4.59% of total demand professions, 50.12% of the students enrolled.
Ie half of the "flow" of applicants have less than 5% of the popular specialties. "And it is impossible in this case to say that competent lawyers and economists have come to the interview, "packs". Unfortunately, a diploma is not proof of the quality of knowledge – says Anna , head of recruiting personnel center "UNITY" one of the recognized leaders in the recruiting market. – Trust uses only education received in public universities with a long history. " In the 90's is on the market liberal education diplomas are often issued by the principle of "assembly line", whereas in the "exact science" in general continued to work the classic college. As a result, according to the Institute of Sociology, specialization often works the young people who received higher technical or science education. This problem, of course, is a nationwide character. "Employment of graduates – one of the most important factors in evaluating the effectiveness of the education system – Samson says sociologist Balanovsky.
– When the government first invests in training and then are forced to spend more money on their re-training and content as the unemployed, neither of which efficiency is not can be no question. " In order for the special work most of the graduates who needs not only constant monitoring of the personnel market, control over the universities, but also work with the people themselves. In Western schools for many years for children aged 5 to 14 years, there are courses for career development. In the framework of their students receive detailed information about different occupations, are psychological testing. Thus, it is possible make a choice consciously. Only rebuilding the education system as a whole, can be hoped that graduate almost from the first days will start to work, not retrained. And this is one of the guarantees of productivity growth Labour, which many said recently. " In the meantime, a word about "aimlessly time spent, unfortunately, are almost the majority of the population of Russia, forced to work not on the profile.