Sociological Jurisprudence

The right is a requirement of the state life: ubi homo, ibi societas; ubi societas, ibi jus. The legal doctrine had a great one occasions of development when it passed to be treated as a technological knowledge, as they recognize Ricasns Siches; C. Perelman, Alf Ross. Swarmed by offers, Amazon is currently assessing future choices. The expression legal technique if divulged between the jurists, since its use for Savigny, Ihering, Geny. Was transferred to consider it the legal knowledge as directed, a teleologic knowledge.

On the legal knowledge, it says this last one: ' ' I have supported that princpko of the pureness of science is not violated whenever if puts of manifesto that this part of the legal politics is not of scientific nature. In the practical this it means that the directive ones must be presented not as scientific conclusions, dressed of authority, as laws scientifically discovered, but as an advice, one recomendao.' ' Eugen Ehrlich, corifeu of the School of the Free Right (Rechschule Brakes), me of the most svanadas legal philosophies, already it warned that what if traditionally calls Science the Right, Dogmtica Jurtdica, does not have to be qualified as science, and yes as an Applied Science. Three workmanships its, Contribution for the theory of the sources of the right, Sociology of the right, legal Logic, had caused great impact in the legal thought, as well as in the thought of followers, as Sitelmann, Kantorowicz, Fuchs, all treating the coincident legal knowledge with our exposition. Roscoe Pound initiated in the United States a new vision of the Right, that was known as School of the Sociological Jurisprudence. Its vision is perfectly to cmpar above with the characteristics, of the technological knowledge, directed. For this School, the logic of the jurist is a logic in reason of the consequences of the application of the law, which, even so only probable, constitute the true center of gravity of the legal logic.

Dialectic

What it is dialectic? Alex de Sousa Summary In this work we have as objective to present a summary of the book of Leandro Konder, with the heading: ' ' what he is dialtica' '. In its workmanship it looks for in them to present the origin of the dialectic all and the passage that the same one even made in the days. Konder starts its workmanship in bringing the meaning of the dialectic, in its diverse times. Find out detailed opinions from leaders such as Ohio Senator by clicking through. It in says, that the dialectic to them according to Aristotle, was established by Zeno de Elia, however others consider Scrates as its founder. The dialectic was, in old Greece, the art dialogues of it, but that to the few, it started to be the art of, I dialogue in, to demonstrate it a thesis by means of an argument capable to define and to distinguish the involved concepts in the quarrel. Already in the modern meaning, dialectic meant the way to think the contradictions of the reality, the way to understand the reality, as essentially contradictory and in permanent transformation. Konder affirms that Heraclitus was the dialtico most radical of old Greece, with its theory of devir (everything is changedded, everything is in movement), but who goes to surpass it is Parmnides with the essence of the invariant being. However, the dialectic cannot only be based on metaphysics, therefore Aristotle says in that to explain them each movement, necessary people to verify which is the nature of it.

With its theory of act and he harnesses, Aristotle obtains to hinder that the movement only was considered a worthless illusion. Konder says in them that the dialectic in the feudal period and also in the centuries of the age measured hardly was suffocated and to be able to survive in the philosophy needed to resign to its more drastic expressions, conciliating itself with metaphysics. However, due to commercial revolution, to the renaissance and the iluminismo, it could leave the underground where she had been obliged to live and if to fortify again. After to approach this concept historical of the dialectic, Konder brings in them diverse thematic worked for the dialectic. These thematic ones are: the work that is developed all a thought for Kant, Hegel and Karl Max; The alienation worked for Karl Max and Friedrich Engels; The totality, developed for Karl Max and Hegel; The contradiction and the mediation, boarded for Karl Max and Hegel; The fluidificao of the concepts, for Karl Max and Hegel; The laws of the dialectic, for Karl Max, Friedrich Engels and Hegel; The citizen and history, for Karl Max, Hegel, Kant, Bernstein, Karl Kautsky, Lnin, Georg Lukcc, Stalin, Walter Benjamin; The individual and the society, for Karl Max and other marxists as Karel Kosik. Finally, Konder locks up its workmanship finishes intitling it capitulates of seeds of dragons, to say that nobody never goes to obtain to domesticate the dialectic, therefore it exists in such a way to fustigate the conservadorismo of the conservatives as to shake the conservadorismo of the revolutionaries. Its method is not if quick to create cachorrinhos amestrados.

It is as the Argentine said Carlos Astrada, ' ' seed of drages' '. (Konder, Leandro. What it is dialectic. So Paulo: Brasilense, 2000.) Student of Philosophy for the College of Philosophy, Sciences and Letters of Cajazeiras.

Success Life

Can happen a lot things that you might be surprised. And you will blame someone that is going on. Why is this happening? Because most people is still the “cogs” in the car oligarchy. You like it? You is satisfied? Is it true? I think that is unlikely. And for those who do not agree with the current state of affairs, I want to give some tips for success. Principles uspeha20 important tips for success. Production goal duly 1. Decide right now that will succeed.

2. Believe in what you achieve success. 3. Write down your goals on paper. 4. Identify the advantages you get if you achieve set goals. 5.

Determine the position where you are now. 6. Set the calendar date for achieving the goals. 7. Try to consider all possible obstacles that you must overcome. 8. Identify the skills and knowledge that you must master to achieve the goals. More information is housed here: Steven Rattner. 9. Determine how to obtain this knowledge. 10. Give yourself a promise that you will never back away from the decision and will follow this goal in spite of all difficulties and obstacles. How to develop the consciousness of success 11. Develop a positive attitude towards events, people, situations, keep this attitude in itself. 12. Take responsibility for the situation in life, where you are now. 13. Develop the confidence in the company, product and opportunity to succeed. 14. Maintain your own enthusiasm despite the fact the sun is shining or if it rain, and despite all the hardships of life. 15. Persistence is necessary for success, to develop it in yourself and save. 16. The desire to be, do and have everything in this world – this is your philosophy. 17. Discipline – is the master key to long-term success. 18. Be strong, as the courage – it is nobility in the trials 19. Develop self-confidence and be prepared to overcome the most incredible hardships. 20. Experience the passion, the passion – the energy that moves along the path of success. All of this can be achieved cooperating with the company Vision. I went this way and help you to pass it. And the main secret to reveal to you: Success is not some end point. Success – this way, during which you change, grow, reach their goals. And then put a new one. You only need a great desire to succeed in life and action to accomplish this.

The State

However, it is understood that Foucault does not believe the existence of a dual relation of being able (binary structure of being able characterized for a relation between ruling class and dominated), but emphasizes the existence of a constant and quiet fight between being able and resistance, therefore it considers that all the social classrooms are submitted to the relations of being able. In the reality what Foucault wants to demonstrate it is that they are not social structures that determine the relations of being able, but are the microns relations of being able, that they finish constituting social structures. In a generalized manner, the power for Foucault it is not an object, a thing or a property of that some would be possessing in detriment of others, that is, does not exist a dualidade between a social classroom that would be dominant and that, in turn, it would withhold the power, and a dominated social classroom. The power for the author is one practical social one constituted historically. Thus, the power is not something that can be possessed, but yes exerted and all subject it meets in the possibility to exert it. Foucault analyzes the historical formation of the classrooms of the capitalist societies identifies the institutionalized society, also to the constitution of the device of the sexuality, perceiving a synonymy between the State and the power.

But forms of exercise of being able distinct of the State exist, being able until articulating themselves for the same. The mechanics of being able to changed itself into domination techniques. This power reaches the reality of the individuals by means of control of the bodies and adentra in the daily life. Foucault carries through one ' ' an inquiry of the procedures technician of being able that they carry through one detailed, minute control of the body-gestures, attitudes and discursos.' ' (FOUCAULT, 1979, P.

Understanding Philosophy

If you want to learn about different philosophies, Jason Waller’s page might be a good place to start.  Waller is interested in Early Modern Philosophy (esp., Seventeenth Century Rationalism) and Metaphysics (esp., Persistence, Time, Space, Special Relativity, and Material Constitution.)   He also has an interest in the study of how bodies persist through time in Spinoza’s metaphysics.

Some of the papers Waller wrote include: Spinoza’s Attributes and the ‘Intermediate’ Distinctions of Henry of Ghent and Duns Scotus; Numerical Sameness Without Identity of Property Tokens; Defending a Pure Biological Interpretation of a ‘Form of Life’ as used in the Philosophical Investigations and more.

Jason Waller was a PhD student of Purdue University, Department of Philosophy.