What are the changes in political activity will result from this religious reform movement? : 1 – the fall of the Greek Polis, in this conception of policy also introduces a crisis politically. In this sense the concept of polis, replaced by the concept of cosmopolis, is going to dominate. They are large-scale reforms of territorial organization. From Polis goes to very large territorial structures and ignorance of those who inhabit it (there is a loss of knowledge).
Process of personification of the authority. Moves of forms of collective activity, people power, the shape of the Emperor, consuls, etc. Another change from the fall of the Polis, is the introduction of new methods of political dominance, going to have to do with the development of jurisprudence and the administration. Before the destructuring of the polis and face the opposition of social forms to large scale and loss of authority, the only way to unify these structures consmopolitas, was through law (rule set), which were warranty against loss of identity. Appears as minion citizen, the political term as ethics, such as rights, predominance of the juridical. 1517 Reformist process, when it unveils the 95 theses of Wittember calls. Reform is not born with Luther, but born with Erasmus of Rotterdam and also ends with Luther.
Contributions of Lutero:1 – criticism that makes the Church as institution (critical power of the Pope). 2. Relationship that reform with political power. The importance of the quick change attempt was unrelated to the informalization of political power, represented by the Church in the middle ages. The dysfunctional Church inside in the separation of society and the State. From the political point of view it will open step to the plurality of confeciones and associated to the idea of tolerance. The idea of tolerance will influence the secular. Another moment of reform is linked to the process of shaping of the national States as such. In that regard, that for disestablishment that monopoly power linked with Rome, the Pope, the reform is going to have to foot in politics to defend its dogma (it will take to establish processes of differentiation of the political powers of partnerships, ideas of religious character will establish a nexus in power. Luther to get rid of that power of the Church, need to use the Church as State power, must be a national church.
With Luther is to give the translation of worship (German language), and will affirm the celebrations in the language of their country. Next to that translation of the cult, the Lutheran reform lies with the introduction of the printing press. It will establish partnerships with the local Princes. Reform sharpens the social conflict of that era, mainly peasant revolts that under the reform a number of peasant movements on religious and political pretext that goes to question the power. Political power is questioned. This process of reform will end in the English revolutionary process (Calvinistic ideas). I invite you to visit where you will find quality for your spiritual and personal development articles: computing, sports, health, entertainment, languages, working out, painting and more.